When to Treat Fever in Child
There are several ways you can do yourself at home to reduce fever in children. Mothers are still required to be more careful and vigilant in their baby’s health. Especially if the temperature that he feels does not go away, intensifies or is accompanied by other symptoms.
Fever in children is not always dangerous and in most cases goes away on its own within a few days. So don’t worry too much when your child has a high fever.
Fever is the body’s natural response to fighting infection. This infection can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Besides infection, fever can also be caused by other conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, immunizations, and brain disorders. However, causes of fever other than this infection are rare.
At low-grade fever, there are several ways you can reduce the temperature at home. This method is uncomplicated and easy to carry out.
How to lower a child’s temperature at home
To determine if your child has a temperature, you need to measure body temperature with a thermometer, and not just touch it with your hands. Children are thought to have a fever if their body temperature reaches 38 ° C or higher.
When you have a fever, your child may appear weaker, fidgety, cry a lot, worry, and have trouble sleeping, so you don’t feel like eating or drinking. As first aid for lowering fever in children, try these steps :
1. Apply a compress.
To reduce the baby’s temperature, try applying a compress to the baby’s body using a cloth soaked in plain or lukewarm water (make sure the temperature is not too cold or too high).
Compresses can be applied to the forehead, chest, abdomen, or armpits of the child while he is sleeping or lying down. After applying the compress, leave it on the child’s body for 20-30 minutes.
Remember to change the compress when it starts to dry out or gets hot, and regularly monitor your child’s body temperature every 1 to 2 hours after applying the compress.
2. Avoid thick clothing.
Choose clothes that are comfortable and not too thick for your little one. This is because when wearing thick clothing, his body will overheat and it is difficult for him to get rid of body heat, so the fever is difficult to subside.
If your child is cold or cold, wear comfortable sweat-wicking clothing and cover his body with a light blanket.
3. Give your child enough food and drink.
Make sure your baby’s fluid and nutritional needs are met to prevent dehydration. If you are still exclusively breastfeeding your baby, make sure he breastfeeds as often as possible.
However, if your baby ate solid foods or solid foods, you can continue to breastfeed by giving him enough water or warm tea. Also, serve food in small portions, but often so that he doesn’t feel sick.
If your child is old enough, you can give him cool food or drinks, such as cold yogurt and ice cream. In addition to keeping the body hydrated, these foods and drinks can help cool the body from the inside out.
4. Maintain room temperature.
Make sure the room is cool and comfortable for your little one. Mom can turn on the air conditioner, but make sure the temperature is not too low. Mom can also use a fan, but at a low speed.
But remember not to point a fan or air conditioner directly at the child’s body, as this may make him cold. If your child is cold, try turning off the air conditioner or fan in the bedroom.
5. Take a bath with warm water.
If your baby has a high fever, you can still bathe him if you use warm water. Do not bathe your baby in cold water, as this can cause his body temperature to rise and shiver from the cold.
6. Give medicine for fever.
You can use antipyretic medications, such as paracetamol, for your child if needed. However, it should be noted that the dose of paracetamol should be adjusted according to the age and weight of the child or according to the instructions for use indicated on the package of the drug.
In addition to antipyretic drugs, mothers are advised not to give other medicines, such as cold medicines, antibiotics, or other antipyretic drugs besides paracetamol, without a doctor’s prescription. Also keep in mind that the antipyretic drug paracetamol is not recommended for children under 2 months of age without medical supervision.
When to fear a fever?
If the above methods are ineffective in reducing the temperature in children, mothers are advised to immediately take the child to the doctor for further tests, especially if the child’s temperature appears along with other symptoms, such as:
Signs of dehydration, such as diarrhea, vomiting, dry lips, crying without tears, refusing to eat or breastfeeding, rarely or not urinating at all.
- The infant or child looks very weak.
- Fainting or drowsiness is more common.
- Strong headache
- It’s difficult to breathe.
- Pale or bluish skin.
In addition, high fever in children that does not subside after 2 days or worsens should also be checked by a pediatrician.
After doctors determine the cause of the fever in children, treatment will be prescribed based on the cause. If the child is very weak and difficult to care for at home, the doctor may recommend that the child be admitted to hospital for monitoring and treatment.
Reviewed by: dr. Kevin Adrian (Indonesia)