Medical Supervision of Prostate Cancer Patients

If you are a prostate cancer sufferer, there are a number of things you should pay attention to about your health, personal or medical care, the following are things to note.

Study your family’s medical history.

If a male family member, such as a father or brother) has prostate cancer, you are at a higher risk of developing cancer. In fact, the risk is more than doubled! Inform your doctor if your family has a history of prostate cancer so that the two of you can work together to develop an appropriate prevention plan.

Men are at higher risk for prostate cancer if the history of the cancer is owned by a brother rather than a father. In addition, the risk of prostate cancer is also higher in men who have many family members affected by prostate cancer, especially if family members are diagnosed at a younger age (before 40 years).

Have your doctor examine you with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation detection test. The existence of these gene mutations increases the risk of prostate cancer


Learn the symptoms of prostate disorders.

Symptoms of prostate disorders include erectile dysfunction, urine mixed with blood, pain during urination or sexual intercourse, hip or lower back pain, and always feel like urinating.

However, prostate cancer often does not cause any symptoms, at least until it has spread to other parts of the body, such as bones.

Patients diagnosed with prostate cancer very rarely experience the above symptoms (urine mixed with blood, impotence, urinary incontinence.


Consult with your doctor regularly.

The American Cancer Society recommends men undergo routine prostate cancer detection tests from the age of 50 (or 45 years if they have risk factors for prostate cancer). The test used to detect prostate cancer is a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test in the blood. PSA is a substance derived from normal prostate cells and cancer.

Under normal conditions, PSA levels in the blood are very small, generally only 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood. The higher the level of PSA in the blood, the more likely it is to have prostate cancer.

How often a man needs to undergo a prostate cancer detection test depends on the results of the test. If the PSA level is below 2.5 nanograms per milliliter of blood, the man only needs to undergo a prostate cancer detection test every two years. However, if the PSA level is higher, a prostate cancer detection test needs to be done once a year.

A digital rectal exam (DRE) can also be performed to detect prostate cancer. On DRE, the doctor checks for nodules on the back of the prostate.

Neither PSA nor DRE tests can confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The presence of prostate cancer may need to be confirmed by biopsy.

Currently, the American Cancer Society recommends that men consult in detail with their doctors before deciding to undergo prostate cancer detection tests regularly. The test can detect prostate cancer early.

However, there are no studies that prove that undergoing prostate cancer detection tests routinely is effective in preventing cancer deaths. However, detecting prostate cancer as early as possible increases the chances of recovery

How to Avoid Prostate Cancer

Take supplements.

Research on cancer has proven that getting nutrients by eating food is much better than using supplements.

However, there are several conditions that make supplements a better choice. Consult with your doctor about supplements that are or you want to consume.
Take zinc supplements. Most men do not consume zinc-rich foods in sufficient quantities. Zinc supplements help maintain prostate health. Research has proven that zinc deficiency causes the prostate to swell and zinc is very important to prevent prostate cells from turning into cancer cells. Take zinc supplements in the form of tablets at a dose of 50-100 (or even 200) mg per day to reduce prostate swelling.

Take saw palmetto berry supplements. The effectiveness of this supplement is still being debated by laypeople as well as professional medical personnel. So, consult with your doctor before starting taking this supplement. Some research shows that this supplement helps kill prostate cancer cells.

Some studies have found that taking certain supplements, such as vitamin E and folic acid (a type of vitamin B), increases the risk of prostate cancer. Other research has also proven that taking many supplements (for example more than seven types), even those that are usually used to prevent prostate cancer, increase the risk of advanced prostate cancer.


Stop smoking.

Although the relationship between smoking and prostate cancer is still debated, tobacco is believed to cause oxidative damage due to the effects of free radicals on body cells thereby increasing the belief that smoking can cause cancer. In a meta-analysis of 24 studies, smoking has been shown to increase the risk of prostate cancer.


Have a healthy weight.

If you are overweight, implement an effective exercise and diet plan to get healthy body weight. Being overweight or obese is measured by Body Mass Index (BMI), an indicator of body fatness. To find out a person’s BMI, divide the weight (in kilograms) by the square of the person’s height (in meters). If the BMI is 25-29.9, the person is considered to be overweight. If the BMI is more than 30, the person is considered obese.

Reduce calorie intake and increase exercise. Both of these are the secret of the success of losing weight.

Pay attention to the size of your meal portions and eat slowly. Enjoy and chew food. Stop eating when you are full. Remember, you only need to eliminate hunger, it doesn’t have to be very full.

Exercise regularly.

Regular exercise reduces the risk of certain types of cancer and various other health problems, such as depression, heart disease, and stroke. Although the causal relationship between regular exercise and prostate health is uncertain, research that has been done so far shows that exercising regularly helps maintain prostate health.

Try to do moderate to heavy exercise, for 30 minutes, several days per week. However, moderate to moderate exercises, such as brisk walking, has also been effective in maintaining prostate health. If you haven’t exercised for a long time, start gradually by walking to work, using the stairs instead of the elevator, and going for a walk every night. Increase activity gradually until you can do heavier aerobic exercise, such as cycling, swimming or running.


Frequency Ejaculation.

For years, researchers have believed that frequent ejaculation, during sex, masturbation, or even wet dreams, increases the risk of prostate cancer.

However, more recent research has shown that frequent ejaculation actually maintains prostate health. The researchers found that ejaculation helped remove carcinogens from the prostate gland and accelerated fluid replacement in the prostate gland thereby reducing the risk of prostate cancer. In addition, routine ejaculation also helps relieve psychological stress thereby slowing the growth of cancer cells.

However, research in this regard is still at an early stage so there are no definitive recommendations regarding male sexual habits. For example, researchers still cannot determine how often a man needs to ejaculate to maintain prostate health. However, researchers believe that routine ejaculation needs to be accompanied by other indicators, such as a healthy lifestyle, healthy eating patterns, and regular exercise.

How to Maintain Prostate Health, Prostate Cancer


The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive organs. The prostate is located near the bladder. Many men are affected by prostate disorders. As you get older, it’s good for men to be aware of signs of prostate cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, one in every seven men diagnosed with prostate cancer and this cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men in the United States. In 2015, 27,540 deaths were caused by prostate cancer. [1] However, some precautions, such as changing diet and lifestyle and studying family medical history, can reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

Some things you can do

Increase consumption of vegetables and fruits.

Eat jam and bread made from cereal made from white flour. Eat at least five servings of vegetables and fruits every day. Also eat foods that are rich in lycopene, a powerful antioxidant, such as tomatoes and red peppers.

The content of lycopene makes vegetables and fruits turn red. Lycopene has been proven effective in preventing cancer. So, in general, the darker and brighter the red colors of the vegetables and fruits you eat, the better.

There is no definitive guide to how much lycopene needs to be consumed every day. However, research shows that to get the benefits of lycopene, people need to get enough lycopene by consuming foods that contain the substance throughout the day.

Eating Brassicaceae vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, mustard sprouts, and kale, are also effective in preventing cancer. Some controlled studies show that increasing consumption of Brassicaceae vegetables triggers a reduced risk of prostate cancer even though the evidence used is only associative at this stage.


Eat only certain types of protein.

Reduce consumption of red meat, such as beef, pork, lamb, and mutton. Also limit consumption of processed meat, such as sandwiches and hot dogs.

Instead of red meat, eat fish rich in omega-3 acids, such as salmon and tuna. Eating fish of this type improves prostate health, the heart and the immune system.

Research on the effectiveness of consuming fish to prevent prostate cancer is largely based on correlative data and the fact that men in Japan eat large amounts of fish and only a few have prostate cancer.
Researchers are still debating whether increased fish consumption and reduced risk of prostate cancer have a causal relationship.

Nuts, skinless chicken and eggs are also a source of healthy protein.


Increase soy consumption.

Soybean content, which is found in various vegetable dishes, is effective in preventing cancer. Foods that contain soy include tofu, soybeans, soy flour, and soy powder. Using soy milk, instead of cow’s milk, to eat cereal or drink coffee is one way to increase soy consumption.

Recent research shows that soybeans and some soy products, for example tofu, are effective in preventing prostate cancer. However, not all soy products, for example soy milk, have this property. In addition, there are no definitive guidelines regarding the amount of soybeans that need to be consumed to prevent prostate cancer.


Reduce consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and sugar.

Caffeine consumption does not have to be stopped completely, it just needs to be limited. Drink only 120-240 ml of coffee per day. The same thing applies to alcohol; drink alcohol only on special occasions and only as many as two small glasses per week. [9]
Don’t consume sugary drinks, which sometimes also contain caffeine, such as soda and fruit juice. This type of drink contains almost no nutrients.

Reduce salt consumption.

The best way to reduce salt consumption is to eat meat, dairy products, vegetables, and fresh fruits. Don’t eat frozen, canned, and packaged foods. Salt is often used to preserve food. Therefore, packaged foods usually have a high salt content.

When shopping at a convenience store, buy fresh food, which is usually located at the edge; packaged and canned foods are generally located in the middle aisle.
Read and compare food labels. Food manufacturers are now required to put on food labels the amount of sodium contained in the product as well as the percentage of the recommended daily amount of sodium intake.

The American Heart Association recommends that US citizens consume no more than 1,500 mg of sodium per day.


Eat good fats and avoid bad fats.

Limit consumption of saturated fats derived from animals and dairy products. Eat foods that contain healthy fats, such as olive oil, nuts, and avocados. Animal products that have a high fat content, such as meat, butter, and lard, have been shown to increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Don’t eat fast food and processed foods. Both of these foods usually contain partially hydrogenated fats (trans fats), which are very bad for your health.