Sleep is a time for the body to rest. Unfortunately, sleep disorders often attack and make the quality of sleep decrease. Not only the elderly, sleep disorders can also occur in children and adolescents. What are the most common sleep disorders? Consider the following review.
Entering school age and adolescence, the time for child sleep is reduced. Not infrequently, sleep time during the day must be sacrificed because of the many activities.
Following tutoring or various activities at school are several reasons. Not to mention, the habit of playing gadgets before going to bed also often makes them forget the time to sleep late at night.
Not only external factors, some sleep disorders from within can also reduce sleep time. According to the Cleveland Clinic report, nearly 30% of sleep disorders occur in children and adolescents.
If this condition continues, the quality of sleep will worsen. As a result, they cannot concentrate fully in class, are exhausted, and experience emotional problems, such as depression later on.
Here are a row of sleep disorders that often lurk children and adolescents.
Nightmares and sleepwalking
Everyone must have had a nightmare. This is normal. However, if it often happens, sleep can be disrupted because dreams can wake the child in the middle of the night.
Frequent nightmares are usually triggered by emotional problems, such as stress and anxiety. Lack of sleep can also cause nightmares.
Also, children often experience walking sleep aka sleep while walking. Although generally not a serious problem, sleep disorders in children can indicate that the child feels stressed.
Insomnia is a common cause of poor quality sleep. This condition causes a person to have difficulty starting to sleep, having trouble sleeping again when they wake up or getting up earlier than they should.
Sleep disturbances in children occur because of many things, including:
When a child is sick, such as a cold, flu, or cough, the symptoms will worsen at night. Also, reflux of stomach acid and GERD can cause insomnia because the lying position allows stomach acid to rise into the esophagus.
Having emotional problems
Children and adolescents who have family problems, such as parental divorce or domestic violence are more prone to experiencing insomnia.
Sleep requires comfort if not, you can have trouble sleeping until insomnia. Rooms that are too hot, cold, bright, or noisy can be one reason.
3. Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea can occur in children who are overweight or obese. This condition causes the child to stop breathing for a moment while sleeping.
The cause is enlargement of the tonsils or adenoids (tissue that connects the nose to the throat).
Sleep disturbances in children and adolescents make them often snore, sweat, and wake up in a state of shock. They will also be more easily drowsy during the day due to a lack of sleep.
4. PLMD or RLS
PLMD (Periodic limb movement disorder) is also called a periodic limb movement disorder. Sleep disturbances in children and adolescents make them make movements in the form of unintentional jerks.
This condition makes them tired and easily wake up during sleep.
In addition to PLMD, there is also RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome) which causes a sensation of tingling, cramping, itching, or heat in the legs.
To eliminate this sensation, children with this condition will move their legs or hands. These conditions certainly interfere with sleep because it makes someone uncomfortable.
What should parents do?
This sleep disorder must have happened to your baby. Especially, nightmares, sleepwalking, and insomnia. If occasional and not other alarming symptoms occur, this may not be a problem.
Conversely, if sleep disorders in children and adolescents often occur, accompanied by other symptoms, consult a doctor, psychologist, or child sleep expert.
Do not delay treatment, to prevent the severity of conditions that worsen the health and quality of life of children.
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