Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 – Covid-19

CoronaVirus Outbreak

Coronavirus or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that affects the respiratory system. This viral infection is called COVID-19. The coronavirus can cause respiratory system disorders, acute pneumonia, up to death.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), better known as the Coronavirus, is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. This virus can infect anyone, like infants, children, adults, the elderly, pregnant women, and nursing mothers.

This viral infection is called COVID-19 and was first detected in Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. This virus quickly spread and spread to other regions of China and to several countries.

Coronavirus is a collection of viruses that can infect the respiratory system. In many cases, this virus causes only mild respiratory infections, such as the flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections such as lung infections (pneumonia), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Symptoms of the coronavirus

The viral corona or COVID-19 may cause flu symptoms in patients, such as fever, runny nose, cough, sore throat, and headache; or symptoms of severe respiratory infections such as fever, cough with sputum, and even bleeding, shortness of breath, and chest pain.

However, in general, there are 3 common symptoms that may indicate that someone is infected with the Coronavirus, namely:

  • Fever (body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius)
  • cough
  • Dyspnea

According to studies, the symptoms of COVID-19 appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after exposure to the Coronavirus.

 

When to see a doctor

Call your doctor right away if you experience symptoms of a coronavirus infection (COVID-19), as mentioned above, especially if symptoms appear 2 weeks after returning from an area where there is a case of COVID-19, or when interacting with patients with the viral corona.

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If you can be exposed to the Coronavirus but you don’t have any symptoms, you don’t need to go to the hospital to get an examination, just stay home for 14 days and limit contact with others.

 

Causes of the Corona Virus / Covid-19

The viral corona or COVID-19 is caused by a coronavirus, which is a group of viruses that infect the respiratory system. In most cases, coronaviruses cause mild or moderate respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections such as pneumonia, the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

It is believed that the Coronavirus was originally transmitted from animals to humans. However, it was later discovered that the Coronavirus was also transmitted from person to person.

A person can receive COVID-19 in various ways, namely:

  • Accidentally inhale spray of saliva from sneezing or coughing suffering COVID-19
  • Keep your mouth or nose without washing your hands first after touching an object affected by the spray of saliva from patients with COVID-19
  • Close contact with people with COVID-19, such as touching or shaking hands

The coronavirus can infect anyone, but the effect will be more dangerous or even fatal if it manifests itself in older people, pregnant women, people who are sick, or in people with a weakened immune system.

 

Viral diagnosis of the corona

To determine if the patient is infected with the Coronavirus, the doctor will ask about the symptoms that the patient is experiencing. Before symptoms appear, the doctor will also ask if the patient is traveling or living in an area with a viral corona.

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To confirm the diagnosis of COVID-19, the doctor will conduct the following follow-up examinations:

  • Blood analysis.
  • Throat swab test for sputum samples (PCR test).
  • Chest x-ray to detect infiltrates or fluid in the lungs.
  • Coronavirus treatment.

A viral coronary infection or COVID-19 cannot be treated, but there are some steps that doctors can take to reduce symptoms and prevent the spread of the virus, namely:

  • Refer patients suffering from COVID-19 for treatment and karate in the designated hospital
  • Provide fever and pain medications that are safe and appropriate for the patient
  • Encourage patients with COVID-19 to have independent isolation and adequate rest
  • Encourage COVID-19 patients to drink plenty of water to maintain fluid levels

 

Coronary Complications

In severe cases, a coronavirus viral infection can cause the following serious complications:

  • pneumonia
  • Secondary infection of other organs
  • Renal failure
  • Acute Heart Injury
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Death
  • Corona Virus Prevention

There is still no vaccine to prevent infection with the Coronavirus or COVID-19. Thus, the best way of prevention is to avoid factors that can cause infection with this virus, namely:

  • Avoid traveling to public places where there are many visitors (social distance).
  • Use the mask when moving in public places or in a crowd.
  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol after exercising outside the home or in public.
  • Do not touch your eyes, mouth, or nose before washing your hands.
  • Avoid contact with animals, especially wild animals. In case of contact with animals, wash your hands afterward.
  • Cook the meat until it is completely cooked before eating.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, and then throw the tissue in the bin.
  • Try not to be near people who have a fever, cough, or runny nose.
  • Keep clean items that are often touched and environmentally friendly.
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For people suspected of being affected by COVID-19 or included in the ODP category (controlled entity), there are measures that can be taken to prevent the Corona virus from being transmitted to others, namely:

  • Do not leave home, except for treatment.
  • Consult your doctor only if you experience symptoms of respiratory failure accompanied by fever or meet the criteria for PDP (patient is being monitored).
  • Try to stay away from other people. If this is not possible, use a bedroom and a bathroom that are different from the others.
  • Deny and do not allow others to visit or visit you until you are completely healed.
  • Whenever possible, do not meet with sick people.
  • Avoid sharing cutlery and drinking equipment, toiletries, and sleeping equipment with others.
  • Wear a mask and gloves when in a public place or with someone else.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth when you cough or sneeze, and then immediately throw the cloth in the trash.

We hope this article is helpful, so that we are more vigilant and protect the health of the environment.