Medical Supervision of Prostate Cancer Patients

If you are a prostate cancer sufferer, there are a number of things you should pay attention to about your health, personal or medical care, the following are things to note.

Study your family’s medical history.

If a male family member, such as a father or brother) has prostate cancer, you are at a higher risk of developing cancer. In fact, the risk is more than doubled! Inform your doctor if your family has a history of prostate cancer so that the two of you can work together to develop an appropriate prevention plan.

Men are at higher risk for prostate cancer if the history of the cancer is owned by a brother rather than a father. In addition, the risk of prostate cancer is also higher in men who have many family members affected by prostate cancer, especially if family members are diagnosed at a younger age (before 40 years).

Have your doctor examine you with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation detection test. The existence of these gene mutations increases the risk of prostate cancer


Learn the symptoms of prostate disorders.

Symptoms of prostate disorders include erectile dysfunction, urine mixed with blood, pain during urination or sexual intercourse, hip or lower back pain, and always feel like urinating.

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However, prostate cancer often does not cause any symptoms, at least until it has spread to other parts of the body, such as bones.

Patients diagnosed with prostate cancer very rarely experience the above symptoms (urine mixed with blood, impotence, urinary incontinence.


Consult with your doctor regularly.

The American Cancer Society recommends men undergo routine prostate cancer detection tests from the age of 50 (or 45 years if they have risk factors for prostate cancer). The test used to detect prostate cancer is a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test in the blood. PSA is a substance derived from normal prostate cells and cancer.

Under normal conditions, PSA levels in the blood are very small, generally only 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood. The higher the level of PSA in the blood, the more likely it is to have prostate cancer.

How often a man needs to undergo a prostate cancer detection test depends on the results of the test. If the PSA level is below 2.5 nanograms per milliliter of blood, the man only needs to undergo a prostate cancer detection test every two years. However, if the PSA level is higher, a prostate cancer detection test needs to be done once a year.

A digital rectal exam (DRE) can also be performed to detect prostate cancer. On DRE, the doctor checks for nodules on the back of the prostate.

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Neither PSA nor DRE tests can confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The presence of prostate cancer may need to be confirmed by biopsy.

Currently, the American Cancer Society recommends that men consult in detail with their doctors before deciding to undergo prostate cancer detection tests regularly. The test can detect prostate cancer early.

However, there are no studies that prove that undergoing prostate cancer detection tests routinely is effective in preventing cancer deaths. However, detecting prostate cancer as early as possible increases the chances of recovery