kidney health care
Kidney is an organ in the body that is important to maintain its condition. The kidneys have the function of filtering the blood, filtering and removing wastes such as poisons, excess salt and urea; monitor and control water balance in the body; regulate blood pressure and blood salt level; regulating red blood cells; regulate blood acid-base balance (pH); maintain mineral and electrolyte concentrations; as well as producing an active form of vitamin D.
For kidney function to work well, of course this organ must be treated. How to maintain kidney health is quite easy. Come read more below:
DRINK ENOUGH WATER
Sufficient fluid needs is important for maintaining kidney health. Quoted from a book entitled Guidelines on Fluid Needs for Workers to Stay Healthy and Productive published by the Ministry of Health in collaboration with the Indonesian Occupational Medicine Specialist Association (PERDOKI), fluid requirements can be calculated by formulating calorie requirements or with body weight.
Calorie requirements: Every 1 kcal of energy needs, 1 ml of water is needed. This means that if the average calorie requirement is 2,000 kcal, we need 2.0 liters of water.
Weight: For every first 10 kilograms of body weight, 1 liter of water is needed. Then for the second 10 kilograms, it takes 500 milliliters of water. The rest, for every kilogram of body weight requires 20 milliliters of water. If you weigh 50 kilograms, then the need is 1 liter (first 10 kilograms) + 500 ml (second 10 kilograms) + 600 ml (remaining 30 kilograms x 20 ml) = 2.1 liters per day.
HEALTHY FOOD CONSUMPTION
Overseeing the intake of food that is also important to do to maintain kidney health. Avoid foods that contain synthetic dyes and preservatives. Consuming colored drinks such as tea or coffee is okay. But make sure you balance it by drinking lots of water.
Exercise brings many benefits to the body, including to maintain kidney health. Instead of exercising continuously at one time, it’s better to exercise about 15-30 minutes routinely 3 times a week. Physical activity will help the body become fitter, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and maintain a stable body weight.
DO NOT CONSUME DRUGS
When conditions are not very fit, you may be taking supplements, vitamins, or herbal medicines spontaneously. Make sure you don’t consume too much. Consumption of drugs whose dosage is uncertain can endanger the kidneys. If you feel you need medication, consult the problem first with your doctor. Not taking drugs carelessly is one way to maintain kidney health.
KEEP BLOOD SUGAR CONTENTS
For diabetic patients, be sure to obey the doctor’s advice so that blood sugar levels are controlled. Diabetes is one of the biggest problems for kidney health.
According to data from the Indonesian Renal Registry (IRR) in 2010, diabetes accounts for 25 percent of the causes of kidney disease. Every 24 hours, 143 people with diabetes start treatment for kidney failure. Pay attention to the consumption patterns that you live to maintain kidney health.
DO NOT SMOKE
Cigarettes have long been known as triggers and risk factors for various serious illnesses, including kidney disease. Smoking continuously can damage blood vessels which can also reduce blood flow in the kidneys.
When the kidneys do not get enough blood flow, its function is not optimal. Smoking also increases the risk of high blood pressure and the risk of kidney cancer. Avoid smoking to maintain your kidney health.