Definition of Insomnia in Psychology

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Definition of Insomnia

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that causes sufferers to have difficulty falling asleep, or not getting enough sleep, even though there is enough time to do it. The disorder causes the patient’s condition is not prime for activities the next day.

The quality and quantity of sleep affects the quality of life, as well as one’s overall health. Not enough sleep will cause physical and mental disorders. In general, it takes 8 hours of sleep a day to maintain a healthy body condition.

There are two types of insomnia, primary insomnia and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia is insomnia that is not related to other medical conditions. Whereas secondary insomnia is insomnia caused by other health problems, such as arthritis, asthma, depression, cancer, or acid reflux. Secondary insomnia can also be caused by consumption of drugs or alcohol.

Symptoms of Insomnia

Insomnia is characterized by insomnia or poor sleep. As a result, people with insomnia can get angry easily and become depressed. These symptoms can trigger other symptoms, such as:

  • Drowsiness during the daytime.
  • Easily tired when on the move.
  • Difficult to focus on the move.

Difficulty sleeping can make insomnia sufferers lack concentration, so the risk of an accident. Insomnia can also reduce memory and sex drive, and cause physical and mental disorders.

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Causes and Risk Factors for Insomnia

Insomnia can be experienced by anyone, but insomnia is more likely to occur in older people, and someone who has health problems. In general, insomnia is caused by several things such as:

  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Effect of certain drugs.

Insomnia Treatment

Insomnia can be treated in several ways, such as the use of drugs, cognitive behavioral therapy, or a combination of both. The treatment will be adjusted to the condition of each patient. If needed, the doctor will give the patient a sleeping pill for several weeks.

Insomnia can be prevented by:

  • Avoid eating and drinking a lot before going to bed.
  • Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated drinks.
  • Try to be active during the day to avoid napping.