Definition of Hypertension

Understanding Hypertension

Hypertension is also called high blood pressure. How to find out hypertension is to check blood pressure diligently. For adults, a minimum of blood is checked every five years.

Signs and Symptoms of Hypertension

  • Headache.
  • Limp.
  • Problems with vision.
  • Chest pain.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • The presence of blood in urine.

Risk factors for hypertension

As we get older, the possibility of suffering from hypertension will increase. The following are the triggering factors that can influence the increased risk of hypertension.

  • Above 65 years old.
  • Consume a lot of salt.
  • Overweight.
  • Having a family with hypertension.
  • Eat less fruits and vegetables.
  • Rarely exercise.
  • Drink too much coffee (or other drinks that contain caffeine).
  • Too much alcohol.

The risk of hypertension can be prevented by eating foods with good nutrition and changing lifestyles into healthier lifestyles.

Hypertension diagnosis

Measurement of blood pressure in mercury per millimeter (mmHG) and recorded in two numbers, namely systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is blood pressure when the heart beats pumping blood out. While diastolic pressure is blood pressure when the heart is not contracting (relaxation phase).

You are considered to have hypertension or high blood pressure if the results of several examinations, your blood pressure still reaches 140/90 mmHg and above.

  • Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension
  • Eat healthy food.
  • Reducing consumption of salt and caffeine.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Lose weight, if needed.
  • Reducing alcohol consumption.
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When to see a doctor?

Immediately contact a doctor if you feel the symptoms above. Proper handling can minimize the impact, so that treatment can be done more quickly

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