Ptialine enzymes are enzymes found in saliva. Besides being involved in the digestive process in the mouth, the pipeline enzyme is also believed to be an indicator to show chronic stress and cancer.
Ptialine enzymes are included in the class of amylase enzymes which are responsible for breaking down starch or carbohydrates into sugar. This breakdown process occurs through biochemical processes to produce oligosaccharide and maltose sugars. This sugar will then be used as a source of energy for the body.
Function of Ptialine Enzymes
Enzymes belonging to this digestive enzyme have many functions. Some of them are:
1. Supports the digestive process
One of the most common components in saliva is the pipeline enzyme. Saliva is likened to a home for ptyalin which is in charge of facilitating the digestive process.
The presence of this enzyme also allows starch in food to be digested. If the production of the pipeline enzyme is disrupted, then the nutrients in food and drinks cannot be absorbed properly by the intestine.
2. Become an indicator of stress
Based on the results of several studies, it is known that stressful and stressful situations can increase the production of amylase and ptyalin enzymes in the body.
Compared to people who do not experience stress, people who are under psychological stress or stress appear to produce a much higher pipeline enzyme. Conversely, if someone can calm down after facing stress, the production of ptyalin in his body will decrease.
It is not yet clear why stress can cause an increase in the pipeline enzyme, but this is thought to be due to an increase in stress hormones, cortisol, and adrenaline.
3. Being an indicator of cancer
According to one study, the amount of pipeline enzymes in cancer patients is higher than in healthy people. This is thought to be related to the inflammatory response in the body to fight cancer cells.
However, the results of these studies have not been able to ascertain whether the examination of pipeline enzymes and amylase can be one way to diagnose cancer. Until now, the tests used to diagnose cancer are still biopsies, blood tests, X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans.
The benefits of the pipeline enzyme that has been proven are digestive enzymes that function to digest carbohydrates. While the benefits of the enzyme ptyalin as a determinant of stress and cancer still need to be studied further.