Definition of cataracts and their causes

Anyone can experience cataracts, as the biggest risk factor is age. Eye cataracts can make it difficult for you to interact with others because it is difficult for you to read their facial expressions.

What’s more, cataract-induced dust can make it difficult to read or drive a car, especially at night.

What causes cataracts?

Most of the causes of cataracts are due to the aging process which causes the lens to change to become cloudy or hazy. But you don’t have to be an old man to get cataracts.

You can even start developing cataracts in your 40-50s. But in middle age, most cataracts are mild and do not really affect how you look. It is only after your 60s that cataracts cause serious vision problems.

Several other factors may play a role in your risk of developing cataracts:

  • History of eye inflammation, such as glaucoma
  • History of eye injury
  • Diabetes. People with diabetes are at greater risk for developing cataracts
  • Medicine. Certain drugs are known to increase the risk of cataracts, such as corticosteroids, chlorpromazine, and other phenothiazine drugs.
  • UV radiation. Studies show increased chances of cataract formation by exposure to long-term exposure to bright sunlight
  • Drinking habits. Several studies have shown an increased risk of cataracts in people taking alcohol at higher doses, than those who drink less or have never consumed alcohol at all.
  • Malnutrition. Although the findings have not been confirmed. Studies show that the association between the risk of having cataracts and low antioxidant levels in the body (for example, vitamins C and E, and carotenoids).

Cataract eyes rarely appear at birth or in childhood, although these visual disturbances can be inherited or develop due to infection in pregnant women, such as rubella.


How does the condition of cataract apply?

The cataract appeared in the lens, a transparent crystal structure behind the pupil. This one-eye structure works like a camera lens by focusing light on the retina behind the eyes, where the image is recorded. The lens also adjusts the focus of the eye, allowing us to see things clearly near and far.

The lens is made of water and protein. These proteins are arranged in such a way as to make clear colored lenses to allow light to pass through. But as we get older, some proteins freeze and begin to form cloudy clouds that cover the lens. This prevents light from entering the eyes and also reduces the sharpness of the image we see. Over time, protein fog can develop to cover most of the lens, giving us blurred or blurred vision. This is a cataract.

Cataracts usually take years to grow. As cataracts get worse, cataracts can affect the color we see. This makes the objects we see a little brown to yellow. Cataracts often affect both eyes, but rarely with the same severity.


The characteristics and symptoms of cataracts

People with cataracts may have the following symptoms:

  • Blurred vision or fog
  • Vision can be affected by small spots
  • Blurred vision in only a few areas of sight
  • Vision declines when the lighting goes low
  • Vision diminishes when you are in a room with very bright lights, or dazzling
  • The color intensity is fading/dimming
  • Always replace prescription glasses or contact lenses. In the end, the mirror no longer works
  • Very rarely, people see halo (white ring) around bright objects, such as car lights or street lights or, they can have multiple eyes in one eye.

Avoid eye cataracts

There are no treatments to prevent or delay the development of cataracts. In the case of age-related cataracts, changes in vision can be very gradual.

Some people may not be aware of visual changes. However, when cataracts worsen, symptoms improve.

But some lifestyle changes can help you slow down the process or even prevent it altogether. For example:

1. Wear sunglasses when the weather is hot

Wearing sunglasses and a hat tightly to block ultraviolet sunlight can help to slow down cataracts. If you smoke, stop now.

2. Limit carbohydrate intake

Reducing the risk of cataracts can be done by limiting the intake of carbohydrates. A study published in Ophthalmology of Visual Research & Science found that people who eat a lot of carbohydrates are three times the risk of cataracts than those who eat less.

3. Drink tea

Green or black tea can save our eyesight. A study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry found that green and black tea can inhibit the development of diabetes-related cataracts.

4. Increase your vitamin C intake

Increased vitamin C intake is associated with cataract reduction. A study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that high levels of vitamin C reduced cataract risk by 64 percent.

Other nutrients, such as lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin E and zinc, are also known to reduce the risk of several eye diseases, including cataracts. Researchers also recommend that you multiply green leafy vegetables, fruits, and other foods with antioxidants.

Meanwhile, high lycopene intake, a natural chemical that produces fruits and vegetables in red, was associated with an increased risk of cataract by 46 percent.

Benefits of Traditional Aromatherapy Treatments

Aroma-based care is a comprehensive and conventional treatment plan that has been proven for some time. This is taken without hesitation by using Essential Oils in a carrier oil mixture to help patients with almost any disease.

It can offer to relax individuals from stress and anxiety of mind and body. When Essential Oils are wrapped in a carrier oil and applied to the patient’s body through the backbone method, it provides improper care for the patient’s mind and body.

Therefore, to bring scents based on passionate treatment and to turn speculation into the real and exact world, this application is very important. Because of this, some information about rubbing your back is also basic.

What is Sort?

Back rub is to contact the body with the aim of reducing torture. The most important thing to remember when giving a back seat is to give you the opportunity to be your guide. You must have the hope of freeing the patient’s body from stress, stress, and suffering.

Therefore, massage must be given a role and trust. Your body and mind must be free from tension and stress while providing other side effects that you can imagine can send stress and anxiety to the recipient’s body. To deal with generally vibrant and physical problems, a normal withdrawal session is very important that can bring emotional and physical changes to the personality and body.

It is said that the charm of the back roll is a blessing on the grounds that the ability to give mystic back rubs without preparation is a blessing and that some people were brought into the world with this blessing.

However, individuals who are not brought into the world with this blessing can develop their abilities and competencies with competitiveness in such a way that rubbing can be an important part of life.

How can people recognize the charm of a newborn?

When someone burns their craft and wants to help someone feel better. Set aside your self-esteem and align with what the recipient’s body says.

Give your impulses an opportunity to direct your hands as you fill your prayers and let your sympathy flow from you to the recipient.

When you work with an instinctual premise, you naturally come into contact with mysterious powers that allow you to detect things that usually lose your attention.

An individual who offers racing to others must deal with the following because he must be free from any pressure and pressure. He shouldn’t have an illness.

At the same time that the intention that the individual who offers to rub to others suffers from cold chickens, there is an imaginable result that he will transfer his own problems to the collecting body and the recipient will be iller. Physically and rationally healthy individuals may be able to provide proper back rubs if they realize the benefits of a back pillow.

How To Maintain eye health, 7 ways

Maintain Eye Health

The eye is one of the most important sense organs for humans. Maintaining eye health can prevent you from the risk of eye disease and loss of vision. Here are some things you can do to maintain eye health.

Routine Eye Examination

Everyone, from childhood to old age, is recommended to have their eyes checked by an eye specialist at least once every 2 years. Regular eye checks can detect eye problems early due to certain diseases, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

Adults over 40 are advised to have their eyes checked once a year. It is useful in preventing age-related eye diseases, such as macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts.

While children need to be checked, at least every two years, to detect vision problems that may affect their learning ability. Children do not need to read to do eye checks.

Also, know the history of eye health in the family. Why not? Because many diseases or genetic problems are inherited from parents to children. With a doctor’s eye check, various eye diseases and symptoms can be detected early. The treatment is certainly easier.

Eat nutritious food

Research shows that healthy foods containing various nutrients, such as vitamins A, C and E, zinc, lutein, selenium, and omega-3 fatty acids, can help with age-related eye problems, such as cataracts and macular degeneration. A variety of nutrients can be found by eating green leafy vegetables, salmon, tuna, eggs, nuts, and oranges.

Don’t See Too Long Electronic Screen

Staring at the computer screen or smartphone for too long can cause eyes. Symptoms may include headaches, neck pain, shoulder and back pain, dry and tense eyes, difficulty in focusing on long distances, and blurred vision.

If you work at a computer all day, every 20 minutes turns your eyes 6 meters for 20 seconds, to reduce eye strain. Or you can also rest for 15 minutes every 2 hours. If your eyes feel dry, they often blink.

Wearing sunglasses

Not only does the skin have to be protected from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays, the eyes need to. Eyes that are too exposed to ultraviolet light can have cataracts, macular degeneration, burning cornea, and even eye cancer. Therefore, wear sunglasses that can block UVA and UVB rays, and wear hats during the day.

Do not smoke

Smoking can increase the risk of cataracts, macular degeneration, and damage to the optic nerve which can lead to blindness and damage to the retina. Smoking can also cause plaque buildup in the bloodstream and weaken the arteries, increasing the risk of heart attacks.

Remove old makeup

In liquid eye creams or creams, bacteria can grow easily. Remove and replace your makeup after 3 months of use. Always remember not to borrow and lend your makeup to and from others. And make sure you wash your face thoroughly before and after applying makeup. If you have eye irritation or infection while wearing makeup, remove makeup and consult a doctor immediately.

Routine Sports

Research has shown that exercise can reduce the risk of vision loss due to high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.

How to maintain eye health is also possible without ignoring various eye problems. If you feel sand in your eyes, rinse with clean water. If your eyes feel itchy or look red, treat them with drops or compresses.

Immediately consult an eye specialist if your eye complaint persists, or if your eyes are sore, swollen, sensitive to light, such as black spots that float when looking, or if you have vision problems.

How to maintain ear health, easily

Some precise steps need to be done regularly in maintaining ear health. Anything?

Clean the ears properly

Anatomy of the ear consists of three main parts, namely the inside, middle, and outside. All of these parts have their functions so that you can hear well. When cleaning the ears, it’s good to clean the outside or just the auricle. The reason is, the ear can clean itself. The existence of fine hairs and its angular shape can keep the ear from entering excess dirt.

Avoid Cotton Bud

One habit that is often done is to clean the ears using a cotton bud. Unfortunately, this activity is not good to do. Because, cleaning the ears with a cotton bud can make ear wax pushed into the inside of the ear, thus making it deeper and deeper. Therefore, you only need to clean the ears only.

Avoid ears from loud noises

To maintain ear health, avoid ears from loud noises in the long run. Because, too long in a noisy environment can affect hearing, including making hearing reduced until it becomes deaf. If you are forced to be in a noisy environment, such as working in a factory, you are advised to wear ear protectors.

Avoid the use of earphones

Loud sounds not only come from the surrounding environment, but also on the use of earphones. Music listening activity on this hearing aid has become a trend, however, the use of earphones can cause interference with the ear. To stay safe, it’s a good idea to use earphones for no more than an hour. Do not forget to adjust the volume so that it is not too loud and hurt the ear.

Keep the ears dry

Excessive humidity in the ear can cause bacteria to enter the ear canal. This situation can unconsciously trigger infection and irritation of the ear. Therefore, always keep the ear so that the condition remains dry. If you like swimming, you should use earplugs to prevent water from getting into your ears.

Routinely see a doctor

In addition to checking the health of the body, you also need to regularly check ear health. The reason is, the older a person is, the more susceptible he is to hearing loss.

How to Maintain Heart Health Easily

The heart is an organ that works nonstop. The heart plays an important role in pumping blood throughout the body to support survival. Therefore, it is appropriate for heart health to be maintained in order to avoid various diseases that can damage it.

Maintaining heart health can be done with a few simple steps, such as living a healthy lifestyle and eating patterns. Maybe you have also often heard doctors recommend routine exercise, maintain ideal body weight, and not smoke. This is because some of these steps are the most effective method for maintaining heart health.

How to Maintain Heart Health

Here are some lifestyle choices so that heart health is maintained:

1. Stop smoking.

Smokers have a much higher risk for coronary heart disease. Not only smokers themselves, people around them who inhale cigarette smoke (passive smokers) are also more at risk of developing the disease.

This is because toxic substances in cigarettes can damage the heart’s blood vessels, so that over time the blood flow to the heart becomes disturbed. As a result, heart function also becomes disrupted due to lack of oxygen and nutrients.

2. Doing physical activity (sports) regularly.

Being physically active or exercising regularly can reduce the risk of heart disease. Take the time to exercise about 30 minutes every day, because the benefits are very good for heart health. These sport choices can be walking, jogging, swimming, or just going up and down stairs.

3. Eating fish.

eating foods that contain fatty acids like omega3 can help prevent heart disease. Fish is a food that contains lots of Omega-3 fatty acids.

You can choose fish, sardines, tuna or salmon. We recommend the consumption of this type of fish twice a week regularly to meet the needs of the body with omega-3 fatty acids.

4. Consume more fiber

A diet rich in fiber can reduce levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) which can increase the risk of heart disease. Fiber can be obtained by consuming fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and cereals. Fill your fiber needs as much as 3 grams per day.

It should be noted that consumption of fibrous foods must be done in stages. Better not to eat vegetables in large quantities at once, because it can cause flatulence. When consuming fiber, drink more water to facilitate digestion.

5. Reducing consumption of saturated fat.

Consuming too much saturated fat and trans fat can increase cholesterol in the blood. Cholesterol that accumulates has the potential to clog heart arteries.
Therefore, limit consumption of saturated fat. This type of fat is found in red meat, chicken skin, processed foods, fried foods, margarine, and fat-rich dairy products.

6. Maintain blood pressure.

High blood pressure can cause rupture of blood vessels. If this happens to the blood vessels of important organs, such as the heart and brain, it can be fatal.
Regular exercise, reducing salt intake, and limiting alcoholic drinks are some of the ways you can prevent high blood pressure.

7. Maintain blood sugar levels.

High blood sugar levels can not only make you exposed to polygenic disease, but also put you at risk for heart disease. This is because high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart and blood vessels.

Some efforts to reduce the risk of polygenic disease are replacing white rice with brown rice, and reducing sugar intake. In addition, check your blood sugar levels regularly, especially if you are above 40 years old.

8. Get enough rest.

Try to sleep for 7-8 hours every day. Lack of rest can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart attacks.

Maintaining heart health can be started by getting used to a healthy lifestyle. In addition to the steps above, you are also advised to manage stress and check your health regularly to the doctor so that your heart health is maintained.
Hopefully this article is useful for maintaining our health, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the most effective and beneficial way for the health of our bodies, thank you

Perfectly Beautiful Look Without Having to Be Troubled with Hair and Make-up

In this article, I was interested in adding a few tips about how to look beautiful for those who are lazy to arrange their hair or makeup themselves. Because, once in a while, we want to look beautiful and attractive but don’t want to be bothered with the make-up process and hair-styling that take a lot of time and seem complicated.

At other times, we sometimes don’t have enough time to make up and arrange our hair because we’re in a hurry. In fact, for a woman, appearing perfect in various situations is a must. Inevitably, this raises its questions, ‘Is there a way we can still look attractive and beautiful without having to be bothered with matters of make-up and hair? ‘

Of course, there are many ways that we can do to make ourselves look charming even with simple or minimalist make-up and hairdo. For more details, here are 10 ways and tips to look perfectly perfect without having to bother styling your hair and make-up.

Flex your lashes

Although it sounds simple and seems futile, curling lashes to look more supple and beautiful will make a big difference to your face. Just a minute to do it, but the effect is that the lashes will make you look fresh and vibrant because your eyes will look more radiant, even if you are not excited.

  • For the process of bending eyelashes not to be done at any time by using a lashes curler, you can try some of the following natural ways to flex lashes.
  • Using olive oil. How to use it is very simple. You only need to apply olive oil evenly on the lashes, then leave it to dry before rinsing and cleaning.
  • Using honey. Honey has many benefits for health and beauty. One of the uses of honey is to flex the eyes. How to use it, provide pure honey (raw honey), then apply it to the lashes evenly and let stand for 30 minutes before cleaning
  • Using a warm spoon. If you don’t have an eyelash retractor right now because you haven’t bought it, you can use this simple tool. The way to use a spoon to flex the lashes is: wash the spoon with hot water then attach the spoon to the eyelid (place it horizontally) and gently press your eyelid using the convex part of the spoon so that the lashes curl upwards. A warm spoon works like a hairdryer that will make eyelashes curl and last longer.

Multiple top collections

There is no simplest and easiest way you can do to beautify yourself while reducing the hassle of arranging your hair besides using a hat. Anyone knows that hats are every woman’s secret weapon. Hats can make women look more elegant, more beautiful, and of course, it will be very useful when used when going out during the day when the weather is hot.

Make your hair look wavy

Brighten your face by getting rid of annoying pimples.

Face skin filled with zits or acne scars will make it look more dull and darker. For your face to look bright and bright, make sure you get rid of pimples and acne scars or black spots.

The easiest way to get rid of pimples in one night is to apply toothpaste (not gel) to pimpled skin. The antibacterial properties contained in these toothpastes will help eliminate the bacteria that cause acne. Apply at night and see the results in the morning.

Dry your hair the right way

One of the best ways to dry your hair is to let it dry naturally. However, it is not just left. For the results to be more attractive, during the drying process, the hair must be prepared properly and correctly. If you are curious about how to dry your hair after taking a shower so you don’t need to arrange it and can make you look attractive immediately, you can listen to the video below.

Use a versatile foundation

It is undeniable, in this modern era, make-up is a necessity. Even many women who feel insecure when appearing without make-up. No need to blame anyone. Because many of us have been consumed by advertising gimmicks and cheated by make-up producers. To avoid wasteful use of makeup and not need to spend too much time on makeup, the easiest trick to make a beautiful face perfect is to use a versatile foundation (which contains moisturizer, SPF, and various make-up ingredients that you need in one container )

Apply the style of ponytail to hair

Ponytails can always make a woman look more feminine and sexy. Not only can it make hair look neater, but this method is also effective to be used to reduce the time of hairstyling. Learn various ways to tie hair that are simple but interesting by looking at the video below.


Causes of Leucorrhoea in Women and How to Overcome It, Complete

Leucorrhoea is something that is natural and must be experienced by every woman. Because the white liquid that comes out of Miss V is actually very beneficial for the health of their reproductive system.

But unfortunately, some women sometimes experience excessive vaginal discharge, some that are itchy, sometimes brown or yellow and feel very disturbing, including when pregnant.

Now, as a woman, to be able to look beautiful and perfect every day is certainly not enough to just do facial care and skin. rather, we need to maintain health in hidden parts such as the genital area.

Especially for those of you who have vaginal discharge problems,

You can find out the cause of vaginal discharge in women and how to overcome it by reading the article below.

What causes vaginal discharge in women?

Clear white liquid that comes out of the vagina is a liquid produced by the cervical gland. Its function is to bring out bacteria and dead cells. That way, Miss V will maintain health and cleanliness, and avoid infections and various problems.

But in some cases, sometimes women experience it abnormally or excessively. However, you should also know that the amount, color, and smell, can vary from one woman to another. Everything depends on several factors such as menstrual cycles, ovulation, breastfeeding conditions, pregnancy, or can also be influenced by sexual stimulation.

What are the causes of itchy and smelly vaginal discharge and how do you identify and know abnormal vaginal discharge?

How to identify it is quite easy. If vaginal discharge is accompanied by a feeling of heat or itching that causes discomfort in Miss V, then you must be aware of bacteria or other factors such as infections that can threaten your health.

The causes of abnormal (abnormal) vaginal discharge that cause changes in color, odor, and the amount of vaginal discharge itself, can be seen in the points below.

A. Bacteria vaginosis.

This bacterium is the main cause of vaginal discharge, because it can usually trigger infection. If an infection occurs in Miss V, the volume of vaginal discharge will increase and generally will smell very strong and unpleasant (foul-smelling). Factors that can increase contracting bacterial vaginosis include:
Change partners often make love.

Often get oral sex from a partner

B. Trichomoniasis.

The other cause of vaginal discharge in women is due to the presence of one-celled organisms that cause infection, called trichomoniasis. This type of infection usually spreads through sexual contact. However, it can also be spread by other means, such as swimsuit exchanges and the use of towels or underwear.

The characteristics of you having a trichomoniasis infection:

You will see a yellowish-green or foul-smelling liquid. Symptoms, sometimes cause pain, itching, and can also cause inflammation. However, in some women they sometimes do not experience any symptoms.

C. Fungal infections.

Fungal infections can cause the appearance of white feces like cheese which cause a hot and itchy sensation. This fungal infection is another cause of vaginal discharge that is not normal in women. But you must know that the presence of mushrooms in Miss V is normal. It’s just that, if the growth is over the limit or excessive, this is what can cause leucorrhoea problems.

D. Gonorrhea and chlamydia.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are sexually transmitted infections that can cause vaginal discharge to become abnormal. Changes that occur are usually in the form of discoloration of vaginal discharge into yellowish or greenish.

E. As a result of pelvic inflammation.

Pelvic inflammation or pelvic inflammation is an infection that is usually caused by sexual contact. This condition can be experienced by a woman if their reproductive organs have bacteria that cause vaginal discharge to become smelly and dirty.

F. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) or cervical cancer.

Sexual contact can cause the spread of the Human Papilloma Virus. People affected by HVP will usually get an infection. The infection can turn into cervical cancer. Here are some symptoms or signs that can appear if someone has cervical cancer:

  • Leucorrhoea is red or bloody
  • Brownish vaginal discharge
  • Leucorrhoea smells bad
  • To overcome this or to prevent it, you can do a pap smear (annual) and HPV test.

How to deal with vaginal discharge in women.

To get rid of harmless vaginal discharge, which results from the use of contraceptive pills, use of antibiotics, including the consequences of pregnancy, you can do the following tips:

  • Compress using cold water to reduce swelling and itching
  • If vaginal discharge occurs because it is triggered by the consumption of antibiotics, you can reduce the risk of fungal infections by diligently consuming yogurt
  • To overcome the spread and transmission of various venereal diseases, use a protector such as a condom during sex and immediately take medication if you experience genital health problems
  • If vaginal discharge is caused by a fungal infection, you can rely on an antifungal gel or an anti-fungal cream that can be purchased at drug stores or pharmacies
  • If you experience abnormal vaginal discharge after self-medication and the results do not show progress for a week, you should see a doctor.
  • To avoid leucorrhoea, try to keep Miss V dry and not moist. Get used to drying the genital area with a special towel just after urinating or defecating
  • Avoid using clothes that are too tight such as stockings, leggings, or cloth (pants) made of synthetic materials
  • If not needed, avoid using underwear when sleeping at night
  • Get used to washing the genitals from front to back after urinating, and not vice versa.

The discomfort caused by vaginal discharge is sometimes very disturbing. Well, so that you can still exercise, work, and do various other activities normally, use comfortable clothes, especially those made of cotton.

For example, to exercise, buy good sports clothing that really absorbs moisture / sweat and is comfortable to wear. When working, you can rely on a filter to prevent vaginal discharge from exiting Miss V leaving no stains on the pants you wear.

Definition of Insomnia in Psychology

Definition of Insomnia

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that causes sufferers to have difficulty falling asleep, or not getting enough sleep, even though there is enough time to do it. The disorder causes the patient’s condition is not prime for activities the next day.

The quality and quantity of sleep affects the quality of life, as well as one’s overall health. Not enough sleep will cause physical and mental disorders. In general, it takes 8 hours of sleep a day to maintain a healthy body condition.

There are two types of insomnia, primary insomnia and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia is insomnia that is not related to other medical conditions. Whereas secondary insomnia is insomnia caused by other health problems, such as arthritis, asthma, depression, cancer, or acid reflux. Secondary insomnia can also be caused by consumption of drugs or alcohol.

Symptoms of Insomnia

Insomnia is characterized by insomnia or poor sleep. As a result, people with insomnia can get angry easily and become depressed. These symptoms can trigger other symptoms, such as:

  • Drowsiness during the daytime.
  • Easily tired when on the move.
  • Difficult to focus on the move.

Difficulty sleeping can make insomnia sufferers lack concentration, so the risk of an accident. Insomnia can also reduce memory and sex drive, and cause physical and mental disorders.

Causes and Risk Factors for Insomnia

Insomnia can be experienced by anyone, but insomnia is more likely to occur in older people, and someone who has health problems. In general, insomnia is caused by several things such as:

  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Effect of certain drugs.

Insomnia Treatment

Insomnia can be treated in several ways, such as the use of drugs, cognitive behavioral therapy, or a combination of both. The treatment will be adjusted to the condition of each patient. If needed, the doctor will give the patient a sleeping pill for several weeks.

Insomnia can be prevented by:

  • Avoid eating and drinking a lot before going to bed.
  • Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated drinks.
  • Try to be active during the day to avoid napping.

symptoms of depression

Symptoms or symptoms of depression that arise are not just feeling sad or not caring for a moment. The characteristics of depressed people can be seen from 2 aspects, namely psychological and physical. From the psychological aspect, the characteristics of depression include:

  • Always burdened with guilt.
  • Feeling hopeless, inferior and worthless.
  • Always feeling anxious and worrying too much.
  • A bad mood or sadness on an ongoing basis.
  • Easily angry or sensitive, and easy to cry.
  • Difficulty concentrating, thinking, and making decisions.
  • Not interested and not motivated about everything.
  • The idea arises to hurt yourself or attempted suicide.

Meanwhile, from the physical aspect, the characteristics of depression consist of:

  • Always feeling tired and lost energy.
  • Declining appetite or appetite.
  • Insomnia or even sleeping too much.
  • Dizziness or pain that is not clear why.
  • Slower than normal body movements and speech.
  • There is no sexual arousal.
  • Weight change.

Not all of these symptoms are experienced by people with depression. Symptoms that appear depend on the severity of depression experienced. Mild depression can cause daily activities and disrupted social relations, whereas people with severe depression really can not do daily activities and build relationships with others.

Depression Handling


The difference between sadness and depression can be recognized from the severity of the symptoms that appear and how long the symptoms are felt. In addition, the difference between sadness and depression is also found in its impact on one’s quality of life.

Some people think depression and sadness are the same thing. In fact, there are a number of very basic differences between sadness and depression.

Feelings of sadness appear as normal reactions when a person experiences excessive stress, for example when a relative or family member dies, has recently been divorced, or has just been laid off from his job. After the hard time is over, usually the feeling of sadness will disappear by itself.

In contrast to sadness, depression lasts for a long time. This condition is a serious mental disorder that can threaten psychological and physical health. If depression is not treated, it is very unlikely to heal on its own.


Sad Differences and Depression from Various Aspects.

The following are a number of differences between sadness and depression that you need to know about:

Different trigger factors

The difference between sadness and depression also lies in the presence or absence of triggers. Sadness is usually triggered by life difficulties, hurt feelings, or unpleasant events, such as the death of a close person or divorce. In other words, we tend to feel sad because there is a clear event or trigger factor.

While depression does not always appear when difficult events or situations occur. Depression often occurs without any clear trigger factors. People who are depressed tend to feel sad or empty all the time, even though there are no specific events that happen to them.

Impact on quality of life

Feelings of sadness are usually temporary and will disappear over time when difficult events pass or just do something fun. While depression can affect one’s thoughts, emotions, perceptions, and behavior on a permanent basis.

In contrast to sadness, depression cannot go away on its own and requires medical treatment to treat the symptoms.

People who are depressed will feel less energized, unmotivated, and empty. These feelings can be felt heavy enough to interfere with daily activities, social relations, and productivity.

Symptoms of depression are more severe than just feeling sad

When sad, someone tends to overflow by crying or being alone for a while until the feeling of sadness disappears. In contrast to ordinary feelings of sadness, symptoms of depression can be felt continuously and prolonged.

Not only feeling sad, depression also has other accompanying symptoms, such as:

  • Feeling sad, anxious and empty all the time.
  • Feeling worthless and burdened with deep guilt or regret.
  • Loss of interest in everything, including activities or hobbies that were previously of interest.
  • Easily angry and offended.
  • Do not want to leave the house or take care of yourself.
  • Insomnia or just sleeping too much.
  • Decreased appetite or vice versa, appetite continues to increase.
  • Significant weight changes.
  • Always feeling tired and lost energy.
  • Difficulty concentrating, thinking, and making decisions.
  • There is no or reduced sexual desire.
  • The idea arises to hurt yourself or attempted suicide.

Someone can be called suffering from depression if they have some of the above symptoms and these symptoms persist for up to 2 weeks or more.

Never think about surviving, let alone waiting for the symptoms to pass. Immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment if you or your acquaintance show symptoms of depression.

Handling depression and sadness is different.

When life feels difficult and feelings of sadness hit, there are several ways you can do to help alleviate these feelings. Ways to overcome everyone’s sadness are different, including :

  • Pamper yourself by doing beauty treatments at a beauty salon or spa, eating delicious foods that you like, watching movies or comedy series, to going on vacation or traveling for a few days.
  • Routine exercise and adequate rest.
  • Do meditation or take a warm bath before going to sleep, if feeling sad causes sleeplessness.
  • Confide in or spend time with family and friends, or play with pets.

The methods above can also help someone who is depressed feel better. But generally, depression will not subside without treatment. Depressed people need special treatment from a psychiatrist, in the form of counseling, psychotherapy, and administration of antidepressant drugs.

Depression and sadness are indeed two interrelated things, but the two are still not the same. Sadness is part of depression, but this feeling of sadness is generally temporary. While depression is a disease that will not improve if not treated.

Medical Supervision of Prostate Cancer Patients

If you are a prostate cancer sufferer, there are a number of things you should pay attention to about your health, personal or medical care, the following are things to note.

Study your family’s medical history.

If a male family member, such as a father or brother) has prostate cancer, you are at a higher risk of developing cancer. In fact, the risk is more than doubled! Inform your doctor if your family has a history of prostate cancer so that the two of you can work together to develop an appropriate prevention plan.

Men are at higher risk for prostate cancer if the history of the cancer is owned by a brother rather than a father. In addition, the risk of prostate cancer is also higher in men who have many family members affected by prostate cancer, especially if family members are diagnosed at a younger age (before 40 years).

Have your doctor examine you with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation detection test. The existence of these gene mutations increases the risk of prostate cancer


Learn the symptoms of prostate disorders.

Symptoms of prostate disorders include erectile dysfunction, urine mixed with blood, pain during urination or sexual intercourse, hip or lower back pain, and always feel like urinating.

However, prostate cancer often does not cause any symptoms, at least until it has spread to other parts of the body, such as bones.

Patients diagnosed with prostate cancer very rarely experience the above symptoms (urine mixed with blood, impotence, urinary incontinence.


Consult with your doctor regularly.

The American Cancer Society recommends men undergo routine prostate cancer detection tests from the age of 50 (or 45 years if they have risk factors for prostate cancer). The test used to detect prostate cancer is a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test in the blood. PSA is a substance derived from normal prostate cells and cancer.

Under normal conditions, PSA levels in the blood are very small, generally only 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood. The higher the level of PSA in the blood, the more likely it is to have prostate cancer.

How often a man needs to undergo a prostate cancer detection test depends on the results of the test. If the PSA level is below 2.5 nanograms per milliliter of blood, the man only needs to undergo a prostate cancer detection test every two years. However, if the PSA level is higher, a prostate cancer detection test needs to be done once a year.

A digital rectal exam (DRE) can also be performed to detect prostate cancer. On DRE, the doctor checks for nodules on the back of the prostate.

Neither PSA nor DRE tests can confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The presence of prostate cancer may need to be confirmed by biopsy.

Currently, the American Cancer Society recommends that men consult in detail with their doctors before deciding to undergo prostate cancer detection tests regularly. The test can detect prostate cancer early.

However, there are no studies that prove that undergoing prostate cancer detection tests routinely is effective in preventing cancer deaths. However, detecting prostate cancer as early as possible increases the chances of recovery